Kyphosis Definition

Kyphosis refers to an excessive outward curve of the spine, specifically in the thoracic region, leading to a hunchbacked or slouched posture. While a certain degree of curvature is normal in the thoracic spine, kyphosis describes an excessive curve.

Kyphosis Symptoms

  • Rounded shoulders or a visible hump on the back.
  • Pain or discomfort in the spine, particularly in the thoracic region.
  • Fatigue or muscle weakness.
  • Stiffness in the back.
  • In severe cases, difficulty breathing due to pressure on the lungs.

Types of Kyphosis

  1. Postural Kyphosis: The most common type, resulting from poor posture and slouching.
  2. Scheuermann’s Kyphosis: Caused by a structural abnormality where the vertebrae and discs between them develop irregularly.
  3. Congenital Kyphosis: This happens when the spinal column doesn’t develop properly in the womb.
  4. Secondary Kyphosis: Can result from nutritional deficiencies, neuromuscular disorders, spinal infections, tumors, or other conditions.
  5. Osteoporosis: This bone-thinning disorder can lead to crushed vertebrae and subsequent kyphosis.

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